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Glossary


Terms in glossary: 23.

ATA
An initialism for "AT Attachment ", which is a standard to connect storage devices to computers. ATA-2 (and greater) supports larger hard drives and faster data transfer than ATA.
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ATAPI
ATAPI is an acronym for "AT Attachment with Packet Interface", and refers to an extension to the ATA standard to provide support for a subset of the SCSI command set. It is typically used by non-hard-drive devices on the ATA bus.
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BIBM
BIBM is an acronym for "BootIt Bare Metal".
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BING
BING is an acronym for "BootIt Next Generation".
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BPB
BPB is an initialism for "BIOS parameter block". The BPB is used by some file systems to define the parameters of the file system.
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CHS
CHS is an initialism for "cylinder, head, sector", and refers to the three geometry specifications for a drive.
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DMA
DMA is an initialism which stands for "Direct Memory Access". DMA is a method to transfer data between a device and system memory without involving the CPU in the actual data transfer.
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EIDE
EIDE is an initialism for "Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics", which relates directy to ATA-2 or later.
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EMBR
EMBR is an initialism for "Extended Master Boot Record". The EMBR stores your partition names and other information, and is a technology employed by BootIt to allow it to function as an advanced boot manager.
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EMBRL
EMBRL is an initialism for "Extended Master Boot Record Loader" (or simply "EMBR Loader"). The EMBRL is part of the EMBR specification.
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EMBRM
EMBRM is an initialism for "Extended Master Boot Record Manager" or simply "EMBR Manager". The EMBRM is the code that manages the EMBR, and interfaces with the user. The EMBRM also maintains the integrity of the EMBR.
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FireWireŽ
FireWireŽ is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc., and relates to the use of the IEEE 1394 bus standard.
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IDE
An initialism for "Integrated Device Electronics", which relates directly to the ATA standard.
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IFD
IFD is an initialism for "Image for DOS".
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IFW
IFW is an initialism for "Image for Windows".
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IT Mode
IT Mode refers to a particular feature of BootIt NG. When the IT Mode option is enabled, BING's interface is not displayed upon boot, and the system instead boots into the default boot item (or the last boot item, if no default exists).
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LBA
LBA is an initialism for "logical block addressing", and refers to a method used to address individual sectors on a drive.
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optical disc
A data storage medium that is read and/or written using laser light. CD and DVD discs are types of optical discs.
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optical drive
A data storage device that uses laser light to read and/or write to optical discs. CD and DVD drives are examples of optical drives.
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PIO
PIO is an initialism which stands for "Programmed Input/Output". PIO is a method of transfering data between a device and system memory by use of the CPU.
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UDMA
An initialism for "Ultra DMA", which supports burst mode data transfer to greatly enhance transfer speeds.
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VGA
VGA is an initialism for "video graphics array", and refers to an analog graphics display standard used on PCs.
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Volumes
Volumes (with regard to BootIt NG) are allocated areas within an extended partition. Volumes are sometimes referred to as "logical partitions" or "logical drives".
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